Sardonyx-The Fifth Stone

October 21, 2009

Sardonyx-The Fifth Stone

SARDONYX-The Fifth Gemstone

Sardonyx

SARDONYXvariety of onyx. Gr. sardōnux, presumably f. sārdios SARDIUS + ónux ONYX.
Onyx is cryptocrystalline Chalcedony Quartz. The name Onyx comes through Latin to Greek and means fingernail or claw due to the fleshy resemblance.

In ancient Greek times, nearly all colors from white to black were called Onyx.  It was during the Roman Empire when onyx began to refer to dark brown and black.  In the Roman times, Sardonyx was highly valued as it was used for official seals, as with Chalcedony, it did not stick to the wax used to seal documents. In modern times when we think of onyx, we think of a black stone although onyx comes in a myriad of colors:  Shades of brown, brown-red, reddish-orange, orange-yellow, white and banded which is the common if not black.  The brownish-red to orange, to white is Sardonyx (Sard meaning “shades of red”).  The use of sardonyx appears in the art of Minoan Crete, notably from the archaeological recoveries at Knossos.  Onyx was used in Egypt as early as the Second Dynasty to make bowls and other pottery items.  Sardonyx is abundantly found in the world, nearly every place where Quartz is mined.

Onyx is considered a powerful gemstone making the wearer intuitive, irresistible and a sly businessperson.  It is said to give the ability to deeply analyze situations, offer confidence, and increase overall happiness in life and love.

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